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What are skin disorders and diseases?

The skin is a protective and the largest organ in the human body. Any substance that irritates the skin leads to swelling, itching, burning and redness of the skin which affects the appearance of the skin. The changes in the skin could also be due to a disease or infection. Skin disorders range from increased/decreased skin pigment, sensations, scaling, to the presence of blisters, nodules, rashes.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The main signs and symptoms of skin disorders are:

  • Ulcers
  • Open wounds
  • Dry skin
  • Pus formation
  • Changes in the colour of the skin
  • Breakouts
  • Itchy or painful rashes
  • Spots
  • Raised welts
  • Crusty skin
  • Faded spots on the skin
  • Redness
  • Fluid-filled blisters
  • Open sores
  • Wrinkles
  • Lumps
  • Rashes
  • Tenderness
  • Swelling

What are the main causes?

The main causes of skin diseases and disorders are:

  • Allergies to medications, food, pollen or insect bites
  • Age
  • Pregnancy
  • Skin cancer
  • Thyroid, liver or kidney diseases
  • Weak immunity
  • Poor skin hygiene
  • Genetic factors
  • Side effects of medications
  • Skin-irritant chemicals
  • Burns
  • Photosensitivity
  • Warts
  • Diabetes
  • Virus, fungus or bacteria
  • Autoimmune conditions, for example, lupus

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Apart from a thorough physical examination, and detailed history taking, skin diseases and disorders are diagnosed using the following methods:

  • Patch test – to detect the presence of infections and reactions to any substance
  • Culture test – to identify the presence of fungus, bacteria or virus that is causing the disease
  • Biopsy to look for cancer tissue or a benign tumour in the skin

Treatments for skin disorders are based on the underlying cause. The following medications are commonly used to treat skin disorders:

  • Topical corticosteroids
  • Topical antibiotic creams and ointments
  • Oral steroids and antibiotics
  • Ultraviolet (UV)-A1
  • Narrowband UV-B light
  • Anti-histamines
  • Creams and ointments
  • Antifungal sprays
  • Excimer laser therapy
  • Over-the-counter skincare products
  • Targeted prescription medications
  • Certain home remedies, like honey
  • Blue light photodynamic therapy
  • Acupuncture
  • Psoralen and UV light A (PUVA)
  • Surgery
  • Steroid or vitamin injections
  • Medicated makeup.
  1. Medicines for Skin Disorders and Diseases

Skin Disorders and Diseases की जांच का लैब टेस्ट करवाएं

Absolute Eosinophil Count - (AEC)

20% छूट + 10% कैशबैक

ANA Test / Anti Nuclear Antibody Test

20% छूट + 10% कैशबैक

Immunoglobulin E (IGE)

20% छूट + 10% कैशबैक

CBC (Complete Blood Count)

20% छूट + 10% कैशबैक

Medicines for Skin Disorders and Diseases

Medicines listed below are available for Skin Disorders and Diseases. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
OtorexOtorex Drop60
TricortTricort 10 Mg Injection47
WysoloneWysolone 10 Tablet DT14
KenacortKenacort 0.1% Oral Paste50
SwithrombSwithromb Ointment14
DefwaveDefwave 6 Mg Tablet87
UnithrombUnithromb Ointment45
PropyzolePropyzole Cream0
DelzyDelzy 6 Mg Tablet60
Propyzole EPropyzole E Cream0
SBL Eucalyptus globulus DilutionSBL Eucalyptus globulus Dilution 1000 CH86
Dephen TabletDephen Tablet0
Canflo BnCanflo Bn 1%/0.05%/0.5% Cream34
Toprap CToprap C Cream28
D FlazD Flaz 6 Mg Tablet0
Crota NCrota N Cream27
Canflo BCanflo B Cream27

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others


  1. National Institute of Arthritirs and Musculoskeletal and Skin Disease. [Internet]. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services; Skin Diseases.
  2. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Skin Conditions.
  3. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Hives.
  4. Kurban RS,Kurban AK et al. Common skin disorders of aging: diagnosis and treatment.. Geriatrics. 1993 Apr;48(4):30-1, 35-6, 39-42. PMID: 8462882
  5. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Skin Health and Skin Diseases.
  6. Pauline McLoone et al. Honey: A Therapeutic Agent for Disorders of the Skin. Cent Asian J Glob Health. 2016; 5(1): 241. PMID: 29138732

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