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What is vaginal cancer?

A rare type of cancer found in the female reproductive system, vaginal cancer accounts for less than 0.2% of all cancers. Usually, it is seen in women above 60 years of age when sexual activity is ceased. This cancer starts in the vagina when the normal healthy cells undergo changes and grow uncontrollably, to forms a tumour. The most common type is the squamous cell carcinoma. The one that starts in the glands is known as adenocarcinoma. The connective carcinoma is extremely rare and is known as sarcoma.

What are the main signs and symptoms?

It is uncommon to have early symptoms, however, signs and symptoms that may be noticed by the individual are:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding during or after menopause
  • Pain while urinating
  • Pain while intercourse
  • Pain in pelvic region
  • Lump in vagina
  • Vaginal discharge offensive or blood stained
  • Vaginal itch
  • Pain in back
  • Pain in legs
  • Swelling in legs
  • Constipation

What are the main causes?

The exact cause of the vaginal cancer is unknown, but there are risk factors which can trigger the cancer growth, such as

How it is diagnosed and treated?

When there are any of the above symptoms or causes are present, then it’s better to consult a doctor the earliest. The doctor will ask for a complete medical history and will discuss the symptoms and conduct a physical examination which includes pelvic examination and PAP smear test. Other tests that might be done are:

  • Colposcopy: a sample of tissue is collected from the vagina to examine under the microscope.
  • Biopsy: when other tests are indicative of cancer, biopsy is the only definitive test which confirms the diagnosis.
  • Chest X-ray: this is done to see if cancer has spread to the lungs.
  • Ultrasound sonography (USG) of pelvis and abdomen
  • Computed tomography (CT scan)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Positron emission tomography (PET scan): it is done to detect malignant tumour cells in the body with the help of radioactive sugars.
  • Cystoscopy: to look inside the bladder and the urethra
  • Ureteroscopy: to look inside the ureters
  • Proctoscopy: to look inside the rectum

There are three standard treatments available for vaginal cancer.

Surgery:

  • Laser surgery: tumor is cut with help of laser beam
  • Wide local excision: cancer lesion along with some healthy tissue surrounding is also cut.
  • Vaginectomy: vagina is removed.
  • Total hysterectomy: in this uterus and cervix both are removed.

Radiation therapy: high energy X rays or other radioactive substances are used.

Chemotherapy: drugs are used to stop the growth of cancer by killing the cancer cells, or stop them from dividing.

Most of the treatments are have side effects such as various pains and other symptoms uneasy feelings, nausea, appetite lossdiarrhoea, vomiting, hair loss, depression.

  1. Medicines for Vaginal Cancer
  2. Doctors for Vaginal Cancer
Dr. Arabinda Roy

Dr. Arabinda Roy

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Dr. C. Arun Hensley

Dr. C. Arun Hensley

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Dr. Sanket Shah

Dr. Sanket Shah

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Medicines for Vaginal Cancer

Medicines listed below are available for Vaginal Cancer. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
CelplatCelplat 10 Mg Injection94.0
CisplatCisplat 10 Mg Injection94.0
CisteenCisteen 10 Mg Injection81.0
CizcanCizcan 10 Mg Injection77.0
CytoplatinCytoplatin 10 Mg Injection93.0
KemoplatKemoplat 10 Mg Injection84.0
PlatikemPlatikem 10 Mg Injection187.0
Platikem NovoPlatikem Novo 100 Mg Injection886.0
Platin (Cadila)Platin 10 Mg Injection78.0
PlatinexPlatinex 10 Mg Injection64.0
CisglanCisglan 50 Mg Infusion452.0
Oncoplatin AqOncoplatin Aq 10 Mg Injection87.0
PlatifirstPlatifirst 10 Mg Injection107.0
PlatiparPlatipar 10 Mg Injection150.0
SlatinSlatin 50 Mg Infusion315.0
UniplatinUniplatin 10 Mg Injection106.0
AbraxaneAbraxane 100 Mg Injection16640.0
CytaxCytax 100 Mg Injection3910.0
GrosGros 100 Mg Injection3446.0
IntaxelIntaxel 260 Mg Injection11172.0
MitotaxMitotax 100 Mg Injection4076.0
NanoxelNanoxel 100 Mg Injection5857.0
PaclitrustPaclitrust 100 Mg Injection3446.0
PetaxelPetaxel 100 Mg Injection4127.0
TaxolTaxol 100 Mg Injection6325.0
TaxonabTaxonab Injection11640.0
AltaxelAltaxel 100 Mg Injection3571.0
Altaxel NovaAltaxel Nova 100 Mg Injection4999.0
CansureCansure 260 Mg Injection10000.0
CeltaxCeltax 100 Mg Injection3628.0
ClixelClixel 100 Mg Injection3720.0
Genexol PmGenexol Pm 100 Mg Injection15093.0
Glantax PGlantax P 100 Mg Injection854.0
NeotaxlNeotaxl 100 Mg Injection4952.0
OncotaxelOncotaxel 100 Mg Injection2142.0
PacliallPacliall 100 Mg Injection8653.0
PaclicadPaclicad 100 Mg Injection2976.0
PacliparPaclipar 100 Mg Injection5172.0
PaclistarPaclistar 100 Mg Injection1716.0
PaclitaxPaclitax 260 Mg Injection10850.0
PaclitecPaclitec 100 Mg Injection4166.0
PaclitolPaclitol 100 Mg Injection1359.0
PaclizenPaclizen 260 Mg Injection8928.0
PaxytolPaxytol 260 Mg Injection4940.0
Petaxel NPetaxel N 100 Mg Injection10557.0
RelipacRelipac 100 Mg Injection1330.0
TaxeleonTaxeleon 100 Mg Injection517.0
TortaxelTortaxel 100 Mg Injection4295.0
ZpacZpac 100 Mg Injection2267.0
ZupaxelZupaxel 100 Mg Injection2267.0
BevetexBevetex 100 Mg Injection11453.0
DutaxelDutaxel 100 Mg Injection4085.0
MaclitaxelMaclitaxel 260 Mg Injection3678.0
PaxtalPaxtal 100 Mg Injection3997.0
PaxubaPaxuba 100 Mg Injection4250.0
HycamtinHycamtin 1 Mg Tablet7500.0
TopocanTopocan 2.5 Mg Injection5000.0
TopotecTopotec 2.5 Mg Injection5125.0
CantopCantop 2.5 Mg Injection4430.15
Avastin (Psycormedies)Avastin Injection37373.8
Avastin (Roche)Avastin 100 Mg Injection29423.0

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