Through metabolism, the body works to convert the food eaten into energy. Actually, after eating, the body starts breaking down carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Due to this, sufficient energy can be transmitted in the body, but some conditions can obstruct the work of metabolism. Diabetes is also included in this.

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Today in this article, you will know in detail about the relationship between diabetes and metabolism -

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  1. How is metabolism affected by diabetes?
  2. How does diabetes affect protein metabolism?
  3. How does diabetes affect fat metabolism?
  4. Takeaway
Doctors for Relationship Between Diabetes And Metabolism

When a person eats carbohydrates, the body starts breaking them down. This makes glucose. Then this glucose goes into the bloodstream and provides energy to all the cells of the body.

The pancreas releases the hormone insulin. This hormone tells the liver to remove glucose from the blood and convert it into glycogen. Then the body uses it later. At the same time, in people with diabetes, the level of insulin becomes less than necessary.

Diabetes is considered a metabolic disorder. Having diabetes directly affects the body's ability to store energy from food. This happens due to the production of insulin being affected.

Metabolism is also affected due to lack or less production of insulin in the body. This condition can prevent the body from storing the energy it gets from food. Metabolism is affected in type 1 diabetes because the immune system is attacking the cells that make insulin. Whereas, in type 2 diabetes, the body stops reacting to insulin as well -

Type 1 diabetes

In type 1 diabetes, the level of insulin in the body is low or not at all. In fact, in type 1 diabetes, the immune system mistakenly starts attacking cells in the pancreas. In such a situation, people with type 1 diabetes need insulin injections throughout their life. Type 1 diabetes can happen to children or adults.

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Type 2 diabetes

In people with type 2 diabetes, the body stops responding to insulin as well. Due to this, the level of sugar increases a lot. In this situation, the body is not able to use energy adequately. Type 2 diabetes is more common than type 1.

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The body can use carbohydrates as well as proteins as a source of energy. In fact, in some situations, the body can break down proteins from its muscles for energy. This is called catabolism. According to research, people with type 1 diabetes can experience catabolism. These people may have a loss of muscle mass, but protein metabolism is not affected in the same way as in people with type 2 diabetes.

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When a person's body produces enough insulin hormone, their body can use glucose effectively. At the same time, when there is not enough insulin in a person's body, then the body is not able to use fat. Let us tell you that this happens through a process called ketosis i.e. when a person with diabetes is not able to use fat, then his metabolism can be affected.

The body releases ketones during ketosis. Ketones are chemicals that break down from fat. If the level of ketones is high, then they can cause blood acid. This condition can be very serious, it is known as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Let us tell you that DKA mainly occurs in people with type 1 diabetes, but it can also develop in people with type 2 diabetes. In this situation, the person needs immediate treatment.

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Diabetes can affect the metabolism of the body. Let us tell you that diabetes can disrupt the process of processing and storing energy. This happens due to the lack of insulin hormones in the body. It is a hormone that controls the amount of glucose in the blood. In such a situation, when there is not enough insulin in the body, the level of blood sugar becomes very high, due to which the person starts having various problems.

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Dr. Narayanan N K

Dr. Narayanan N K

16 Years of Experience

Dr. Tanmay Bharani

Dr. Tanmay Bharani

15 Years of Experience

Dr. Sunil Kumar Mishra

Dr. Sunil Kumar Mishra

23 Years of Experience

Dr. Parjeet Kaur

Dr. Parjeet Kaur

19 Years of Experience

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