Often people use the terms heart attack and cardiac arrest in the same form when there is a cardiac problem, but they are not synonymous. The causes of both these diseases are different.

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A heart attack occurs when the flow of blood to the heart stops. On the other hand, cardiac arrest occurs when there is a sudden problem in the electrical process of the heart and the heart suddenly stops beating. To understand in simple words, a heart attack is directly related to blood flow, while cardiac arrest is related to the problem in the electrical waves that accelerate the heart. Cardiac arrest is also called heart failure.

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  1. What is a heart attack?
  2. What is cardiac arrest?
  3. How are these two problems related to each other?
  4. What to do in case of a heart attack?
  5. What to do in case of sudden cardiac arrest?
  6. Takeaway

When the arteries that supply blood to the heart become blocked, preventing oxygen-rich blood from reaching a part of the heart, this condition is called a heart attack. If this blocked artery is not opened quickly, then this artery starts affecting the heart. If this problem is not treated for a long time, the damage to the heart increases. Heart attack symptoms can be immediate and intense. Sometimes the symptoms of this problem start gradually and if left untreated for a long time, it becomes the cause of heart attack. Let us tell you that, unlike sudden cardiac arrest, the heart does not stop beating in a heart attack.

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Cardiac arrest occurs suddenly without any prior symptoms. This problem arises due to a defect in the electrical waves that accelerate the heart. Due to this, the heart rate becomes irregular. Due to obstruction in the heartbeat and pumping action, the heart is not able to deliver blood to the brain, lungs, and other organs. After this, the person starts feeling unconscious and after some time the blood stops flowing in the veins. In this problem, if the person is not treated immediately, he may die.

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Both these problems are related to the heart and both are heart diseases. Sudden cardiac arrest can happen after a heart attack or in the process of recovering from a heart attack. From this, it can be said that the chances of cardiac arrest increase after a heart attack.

Cardiac arrest doesn't need to occur when there is a problem of heart attack, but in many cases of cardiac arrest, a heart attack is seen as the main reason. Other heart problems can also disrupt the heartbeat and lead to cardiac arrest.

These problems include cardiomyopathyheart failure, irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias), ventricular fibrillation, and QT syndrome.

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If you or someone around you has a heart attack and you do not understand the condition, then in this condition the patient should be provided with emergency medical treatment immediately. When a heart attack occurs, every minute of the patient is precious. Instead of taking the patient to the hospital by car or any other vehicle, it is better to immediately call a hospital and call an ambulance. This will enable the patient to get proper treatment till he reaches the hospital.

At the same time, the specialists and other staff of the emergency department of the hospital are trained in such a way that they can bring back the heartbeat of a person by several successful attempts even after the heart attack stops beating. While the treatment of the chest pain of the patient is started till the ambulance reaches the hospital.

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By providing treatment within minutes of cardiac arrest, it can be cured. For this, you first call the hospital and call an ambulance and emergency medicine. Until emergency treatment begins, you should continue to provide first aid to the patient with a defibrillator. Apart from this, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR; medical procedure given to the patient when the heart stops beating) should be given to the cardiac arrest patient immediately.

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Both cardiac arrest and heart attack are life-threatening. If any one of these conditions is felt, the doctor should be contacted immediately. Also, in both cases, the patient needs to get medical treatment done immediately. Also, in the event of cardiac arrest, efforts should be made to provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation to the patient without delay.

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