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What are lung infections?

The invasion of the lung by viruses, fungi or bacteria gives rise to lung infections. A viral lung infection is more common than a bacterial lung infection. The commonly seen lung infections are tuberculosis, bronchitis, bronchiolitis, flu and pneumonia.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The following symptoms are observed in individuals with lung infections:

What are the main causes?

The infections of the lungs can be caused by bacteria, viruses or mycoplasma, which is a special type of bacteria. The common bacteria that cause lung infections are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus species and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The common viruses that cause lung infections are the respiratory syncytial virus, influenza viruses, respiratory adenoviruses and parainfluenza viruses. Fungi like aspergillosis are also known to cause lung infections commonly.

The following are the infections caused by these bacteria and viruses:

  • Tuberculosis
  • Pneumonia
  • Influenza
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Bronchitis

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The doctor may recommend the following tests for the diagnosis of lung infections:

  • Blood tests to check for the presence of antibodies which are produced during an infection
  • Phlegm test to detect the presence of bacteria or viruses
  • Imaging tests like chest X-ray or CT scan for an overview of the lungs

The exact treatment for lung infections depends on the underlying cause. The doctor may prescribe medicines like antibiotics or antifungals to eliminate the organism. Surgery or a wash inside the lungs might be needed in certain cases to eliminate the infection entirely.

The following are self-care tips useful in the management of lung infections:

  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Take medications prescribed by the doctor
  • Give enough rest to the body
  • Use an air humidifier or try steam inhalation
  • Prop yourself up while sleeping to make breathing easier
  • Quit smoking as it directly affects the lungs
  • Consult the doctor immediately in case of problems in breathing
  1. Medicines for Lung Infections
  2. Doctors for Lung Infections
Dr. Sandeep Mittal

Dr. Sandeep Mittal

श्वास रोग विज्ञान

Dr. Subhajit Mondal

Dr. Subhajit Mondal

श्वास रोग विज्ञान

Dr Arjun Negi

Dr Arjun Negi

श्वास रोग विज्ञान

Medicines for Lung Infections

Medicines listed below are available for Lung Infections. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Blumox CaBLUMOX CA 1.2GM INJECTION 20ML103
BactoclavBACTOCLAV 1.2MG INJECTION99
Mega CvMEGA CV 1.2GM INJECTION98
AzibactAzibact 100 Mg/5 Ml Redimix Suspension21
AtmAtm 100 Mg Tablet Xl20
Erox CvEROX CV DRY SYRUP84
MoxclavMoxclav 1.2 Gm Injection95
NovamoxNOVAMOX 500MG CAPSULE 10S0
Moxikind CvMoxikind Cv 1000 Mg/200 Mg Injection92
PulmoxylPulmoxyl 250 Mg Tablet Dt50
AzilideAzilide 100 Mg Redimix22
ZithroxZithrox 100 Mg Suspension20
AzeeAZEE 100MG DRY 15ML SYRUP27
ClavamClavam 1000 Mg/62.5 Mg Tablet XR352
AdventAdvent 200 Mg/28.5 Mg Dry Syrup47
AugmentinAUGMENTIN 1.2GM INJECTION 1S105
ClampCLAMP 30ML SYRUP45
AzithralAzithral XL 200 Liquid 60ml152
MoxMox 250 mg Capsule27
Zemox ClZemox Cl 1000 Mg/200 Mg Injection135
P Mox KidP Mox Kid 125 Mg/125 Mg Tablet12
AceclaveAceclave 250 Mg/125 Mg Tablet85
Amox ClAmox Cl 200 Mg/28.5 Mg Syrup39
ZoclavZoclav 500 Mg/125 Mg Tablet159

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. Alvaro Ruibal. et al. Lung Infection and Treatment . Journal of Lung Diseases and Treatment. [Internet]. OMICS International.
  2. State of Victoria. [Internet]. Department of Health & Human Services. Chest infections.
  3. NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital. [Internet]. New York, United States; TREATMENT FOR INFECTIOUS LUNG DISEASES.
  4. Speert DP. Bacterial infections of the lung in normal and immunodeficient patients.. Novartis Found Symp. 2006;279:42-51; disussion 51-5, 216-9. PMID: 17278384.
  5. South Dakota Department of Health. [Internet]. Pierre, SD; COMMON VIRAL RESPIRATORY DISEASES.

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