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What is Peripheral Vascular Disease?

Peripheral Vascular (or arterial) Disease (PVD) is a condition in which the blood vessels that supply to various parts of the body are narrowed due to the build-up of cholesterol in the lumen. The arteries of legs and pelvis are most commonly affected. It can be life-threatening if left untreated leading to heart attack or stroke.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Most often no symptoms are not experienced. But the following symptoms may be experienced in some cases:

  • Numbness and pain in the legs
  • Reduced speed of healing of wounds of legs or sometimes failure to heal
  • Pale or bluish skin
  • Reduced nail growth on toe
  • Reduced hair growth on legs
  • Difference in temperature of both the legs
  • Erectile dysfunction

What are the main causes?

Atherosclerosis is the major cause of PVD due to which cholesterol build-up occurs in the blood vessel. Other factors that may lead to PVD are:

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The diagnosis of PVD involves the following:

  • Preliminary tests
  • Study of detailed medical history
  • Physical examination, e.g., ankle brachial index
  • Further tests:Toe-tip treadmill exercise tests
  • Magnetic resonance angiography
  • Computed tomography angiography
  • Peripheral angiogram
  • Doppler ultrasound

Treatment includes lifestyle changes, medications or a combination of both. If the condition has progressed to a stage where medicines do not work, surgery may be suggested.

The lifestyle changes include:

  • Quitting smoking
  • Regular exercise
  • Stress management
  • Practising mindfulness
  • Diabetes management
  • Blood pressure management

Medications prescribed include:

  • Medicines to lower the cholesterol levels
  • Antiplatelets to prevent clotting of blood
  • Medicines to manage high blood pressure

Surgical procedures to treat PVD are:

  • Atherectomy- removal of plaque or blood clot
  • Bypass- creating an alternate path for blood supply by attaching a graft of a healthy blood vessel
  • Balloon angioplasty
  1. Medicines for Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)

Medicines for Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)

Medicines listed below are available for Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD). Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
ClopitorvaClopitorva 10 Mg/75 Mg Capsule143
Clopitab ACLOPITAB A 150MG CAPSULE 10S60
Rosave TrioRosave Trio 10 Mg Tablet112
Atorfit CvATORFIT CV 10MG TABLET 10S167
ClavixCLAVIX GOLD 10MG CAPSULE 15S0
ClopitabClopitab 150 Mg Tablet78
Rosutor GoldROSUTOR GOLD 20/150MG CAPSULE207
Rosave CRosave C 10 Mg/75 Mg Capsule116
Rosufit CvROSUFIT CV 10MG TABLET 10S187
Deplatt CvDEPLATT CV 10MG CAPSULE 10S51
Ecosprin GoldECOSPRIN GOLD 10MG CAPSULE 10S84
Deplatt ADEPLATT A 150MG TABLET 15S49
DeplattDeplatt 150 Tablet121
Rosvin GoldROSVIN GOLD 10MG CAPSULE88
Rozat CVROZAT-CV 10/75MG CAPSULE 10S116
Rozucor GoldROZUCOR GOLD 10MG CAPSULE 10S104
Rxtor GoldRXTOR GOLD 10MG CAPSULE 10S104
NicerbiumNICERBIUM 30MG TABLET432
SermionSERMION 30MG TABLET 10S0
EcoroseECOROSE 10MG TABLET40
Roseday GoldROSEDAY GOLD 20MG CAPSULE152

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. Stanford Health Care [Internet]. Stanford Medicine, Stanford University; Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD).
  2. Columbia University Irwing Medical Center [Internet]. NY, USA; Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD), Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD).
  3. American Heart Association, American Stroke Association [internet]: Texas, USA AHA: What Is Peripheral Artery Disease?
  4. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Peripheral Arterial Disease.
  5. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [Internet]: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Peripheral Artery Disease.
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