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Every person has a normal level of blood pressure in his body. When the level of blood pressure becomes more than normal, then this condition is called high blood pressure i.e. hypertension. Let us tell you that if the blood pressure level is 110/70 mmHg, then it is considered normal. But when the blood pressure is 130/80 mmHg or more, then this condition is called high blood pressure. The condition of high blood pressure can be serious. It can increase the risk of stroke, heart failure, kidney failure, and many other serious diseases. Its severity depends on the level of increased blood pressure. Therefore, one must know about its different stages.

By clicking on the link given here, you can know how to treat high BP.

Today in this article you will know in detail about all the stages of hypertension -

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  1. What is hypertension?
  2. Stages of hypertension
  3. How to control hypertension?
  4. Takeaway
Doctors for Hypertension Stages and How to Control

The measurement of the pressure or force of the blood against the walls of the blood vessels is called blood pressure. In such a situation, when the pressure against the walls of the blood vessels in the body is very high, then this condition is called hypertension or high blood pressure. If high blood pressure is left untreated, it can be dangerous. Therefore, it is also known as the silent killer, because there are no symptoms initially when hypertension occurs, but the body is being damaged from the inside. Then when the blood pressure increases too much, complications start increasing.

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The stages of hypertension depend on the level of blood pressure. As the level of blood pressure increases, the condition becomes serious. In this situation, the stage of hypertension increases. The stages of hypertension are as follows -

Normal blood pressure

According to a 2017 study, only blood pressure less than 120/80 mmHg is considered normal. This means if the systolic is less than 120 mmHg and the diastolic is less than 80 mmHg, then it is normal. If someone's blood pressure level is slightly higher than normal, then it can be controlled with the help of a healthy diet and regular exercise. If we talk about normal BP, then it should be 110/70 mmHg.

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Prehypertension

If the systolic is between 120-129 mmHg and the diastolic is more than 80 mmHg, then it is a condition of pre-hypertension. If someone is in a condition of pre-hypertension, it can be normalized with the help of diet and a healthy lifestyle.

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Phase 1

Phase 1 of hypertension is when the systolic blood pressure reading is between 130-139 mmHg and the diastolic is between 80-89 mmHg. In this situation, a person may have to face other health problems due to high blood pressure. In stage 1 of hypertension, the doctor can prescribe high blood pressure medicine to the patient.

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Phase 2

Phase 2 hypertension can be serious. In this situation, the risk of heart failure and stroke may increase. Phase 2 of hypertension is when the systolic is greater than 140 mmHg and the diastolic is greater than 90 mmHg. In this stage of hypertension, it becomes necessary to take medicines.

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Serious condition

If high blood pressure becomes more severe than stage 2, then this condition can be very dangerous. In this situation, the patient needs emergency treatment. If the blood pressure exceeds 180/120 mmHg, then this condition can take a serious form. In this situation, complications can increase for the person. If someone's blood pressure reaches this reading, then the doctor should be contacted immediately without ignoring it at all.

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To reduce hypertension, it is necessary to make some lifestyle changes -

  • Exercise daily. Exercise can keep blood pressure under control.
  • If someone smokes, then he should give it up absolutely.
  • Along with this, avoid consuming alcohol or other intoxicants.
  • Take a healthy diet to keep blood pressure under control.
  • Avoid consuming sugar and carbs in excess.
  • It is also necessary to keep the weight under control.
  • Reduce stress and get enough sleep.
  • Consume less sodium and more potassium.

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Hypertension is a dangerous disease. In this blood pressure is measured in systolic and diastolic pressure. Systolic is the top number and diastolic is the bottom number. If the blood pressure is 110/70 mmHg, then it is considered normal. But if the blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg or more, then this condition is called hypertension. Apart from this, blood pressure is also divided into stages 1 and stage 2. A blood pressure of 180/120 or higher is considered serious. In this situation, a person may have to face many health problems. The risk of heart attack, stroke, and heart failure increases significantly in a person. If high blood pressure or hypertension is not treated, it can also be fatal.

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Dr. Amit Singh

Dr. Amit Singh

Cardiology
10 Years of Experience

Dr. Shekar M G

Dr. Shekar M G

Cardiology
18 Years of Experience

Dr. Janardhana Reddy D

Dr. Janardhana Reddy D

Cardiology
20 Years of Experience

Dr. Abhishek Sharma

Dr. Abhishek Sharma

Cardiology
1 Years of Experience

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