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What is Amnesia?

We all tend to forget, get confused or remember things incorrectly at times. It may occur due to information overload, stress, distraction or a host of other reasons. When it occurs due to a medical condition, the loss of memories, such as facts, experiences and information, is referred to as amnesia.

What are the main signs and symptoms of Amnesia?

People who suffer from amnesia are aware of themselves and their surroundings, but experience difficulty with new information. The main types of amnesia also encompass the symptoms of the condition:

  • Anterograde amnesia
    In this type of amnesia, there is difficulty processing and recollecting new information.
  • Retrograde amnesia
    It is characterized by difficulty recalling past experiences and information.

Other symptoms include:

  • Disorientation
  • False memories, i.e., memories invented but believed to be true.

What are the main causes?

Memory is a function of the brain. When any part of the brain, especially the thalamus, hippocampus or other related structures, which are responsible for memories and emotions are affected, it results in amnesia. Some of these causes include:

How is Amnesia diagnosed and treated?

A detailed evaluation is done to check for amnesia, and also to distinguish it from other disorders like dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. These include:

  • A detailed medical history to check for the nature of memory loss, its progression, triggers, family history, substance abuse, accidents and medical problems like seizures, cancer or depression. Since the memory of the person is compromised, a close family member or friend may be involved during a consultation.
  • Physical examination for reflexes, balance, sensory processes and other functions of the nervous system and the brain.
  • Tests for long-term and short-term memory loss, judgement, thinking and processing of general information.
  • Tests for infections, seizure activity and brain damage. 

In almost all cases, amnesia is irreversible or may only be partially reversible. The key lies in managing the condition since complete treatment is not possible. The frequently employed treatment strategies are given below:

  • Occupational therapy focuses on developing strategies to help the person deal with new information, and use existing information and memories to build on their experiences.
  • Teaching people with amnesia to use new technology can help them cope with daily activities better. This includes the use of phones, gadgets and organisers.
  • Medication to regulate nutritional needs and treating any other underlying conditions can help prevent further deterioration of the condition.
  1. Medicines for Amnesia
  2. Doctors for Amnesia
Dr. Swati Narang

Dr. Swati Narang


Dr. Megha Tandon

Dr. Megha Tandon


Dr. Shakti Mishra

Dr. Shakti Mishra


Medicines for Amnesia

Medicines listed below are available for Amnesia. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Exelon TtsExelon Tts 13.3 Mg Patch4423.0
ExelonExelon 1.5 Mg Capsule4260.0
RivademRivadem 3 Mg Capsule65.0
RivamerRivamer 1.5 Mg Capsule105.0
RivaplastRivaplast 9 Mg Transdermal Patch297.0
RivasmineRivasmine 1.5 Mg Capsule46.0
RiveraRivera 1.5 Mg Capsule44.0
AlzilAlzil 10 Mg Tablet156.35
AricepAricep 10 Mg Tablet156.0
CognidepCognidep 10 Mg Tablet66.66
DnpDnp 10 Mg Tablet132.37
DoneceptDonecept 10 Mg Tablet139.61
DonepDonep 10 Mg Tablet156.35
DonetazDonetaz 11.5 Mg Tablet149.12
DozareDozare 5 Mg Tablet100.5
LapezilLapezil 10 Mg Tablet171.81
SanezilSanezil 5 Mg Tablet100.0
AlzepilAlzepil 10 Mg Tablet120.0
DemenzaDemenza 10 Mg Tablet100.1
DepzilDepzil 10 Mg Tablet100.0
DonazDonaz 10 Mg Tablet130.0
DopeDope 10 Mg Tablet125.0
DopezilDopezil 5 Mg Tablet106.25
DorentDorent 10 Mg Tablet152.0
NepzilNepzil 10 Mg Tablet72.12
PezilPezil 5 Mg Tablet185.87
RemendaRemenda 5 Mg Tablet79.0
Aricep MAricep M Forte Tablet175.0
CogmentinCogmentin 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet114.28
DonamemDonamem 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet179.0
Donep M ForteDonep M Forte 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet189.0
Larentine DLarentine D 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet170.0
Alzil MAlzil M 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet164.5
Donecept MDonecept M 5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet126.5
Donep MDonep M 5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet139.0
Dope PlusDope Plus 5 Mg Tablet104.76
Memancad DMemancad D Tablet152.6

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