Skin type. Sure you must have heard this word floating around in advertisements and taglines for beauty products. But do you know what yours is? Or why is it so hyped? If you answered no to the above questions, you are definitely in the right place.

Most people fail to recognize how critical it is to get their skin type identified and choose random skincare products, not realising that they are doing more harm than good to their own skin. Truth is, your skin type plays a huge role in determining the right skincare routine that would help you get a flawless and radiant skin. 

Yea, genetics do play a part in determining your skin type but various environmental and lifestyle factors also impact the health and appearance of your skin.

There are four general skin types which have been identified by dermatologists:

  • Normal
  • Dry
  • Oily
  • Combination

Knowing which one is yours can aid you in maintaining its proper health and appearance. Below are the points that typify a certain skin type.

Normal Skin
Normal skin, sometimes referred to as eudermic skin, is one with few blemishes and is often found in young individuals. Production of sebum (oil secreted from sebaceous glands) is well-balanced, and moisture and peeling of skin (desquamation) are all well adjusted. However, having a normal skin doesn’t necessarily mean that a person is immune to skin related problems; it needs almost as much care as any other skin type.

Here are some other characteristics of a normal skin type:

  • Radiant complexion 
  • Minimal imperfections
  • Less visible pores
  • Neither too oily nor too dry
  • Smooth texture

Dry Skin
Dry skin is characterised by lack of sebum production by sebaceous glands. Since sebum helps lock in hydration in your skin, a lack thereof makes this skin type lose moisture quickly, looking dull and flaky. All skins, regardless of their type, lose oils over time and develop rashes and skin breakdown. However, poor diet, genetic makeup, medicaments, and cosmetics may hasten the process. In fact, dry skin or xerosis is the most common complaint in people who visit dermatologist clinics. Interestingly, more women have dry skin than men. Hands, palms, legs, and arms are prone to be affected by dry skin.

Characteristics of dry skin:

  • Appears flaky and dull
  • Redness around cheeks
  • Responds to outside elements like central heating, wind, air conditioning, cold
  • It will pang or itch due to aforesaid factors
  • Scarred rather easily
  • Healing can take time 

(Read more: Home remedies for dry skin)

Oily Skin
Quite opposite to dry skin, oily skin produces too much sebum. As a result of that, a person with oily skin tends to develop acne, blemishes, blackheads, and other skin issues. On the bright side, oily skin type appears to age slowly. This means your forehead lines would not be as apparent as any other skin types. However, you would need to wash it more often. 

This skin type is found more in men than in women. Adolescents suffer the most from oily skin.

Characteristics of oily skin:

  • Pores are quite visible
  • Glistening appearance
  • Acne, blackheads, other imperfections are frequent

Combination Skin
Combination skin, as the name suggests, presents with more than one skin type where certain parts of the face are oily whilst others are dry. It becomes a bit tricky to take care of a combination skin as different areas of your skin may require different care. If you have combination skin, your chin, nose, and forehead tend to be oilier than your cheeks, which can be dry as enough sebum is not being produced in that specific area.

Characteristics of a Combination Skin

  • Partly oily, partly dry, or partially normal in certain areas
  • Cheeks are generally dry and flaky, other areas of the face are oily and shiny
  • Shining or glistening T zone
  • Prone to blackheads and whiteheads in particular areas

These are the conspicuous signs which can help you in identifying your skin type, but it is advisable that you should get your skin examined by a dermatologist to resolve your skin problems. Lifestyle changes, medications, and certain skincare products recommended by a professional dermatologist can greatly improve the condition of your specific skin type.

(Read More: Skin Disorders and Diseases)

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