Diabetes is known in the common language as sugar. Due to poor diet, lifestyle, and genetics, most people are facing diabetes. Diabetes is a chronic medical condition, in which the level of blood sugar in the body of people increases. In diabetes, the body is unable to make enough insulin or use it properly. In this situation, the level of sugar in the blood increases significantly. Over time, diabetes becomes serious and can cause heart, kidney, and liver diseases. There are 4 types of diabetes, these include type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, pre-diabetes, and gestational diabetes.

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Today in this article, you will know in detail about the initial symptoms and treatment of type 2 diabetes -

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  1. What is type 2 diabetes?
  2. Early symptoms of type 2 diabetes
  3. Why is it important to know the early symptoms?
  4. Tips to reduce the symptoms of type 2 diabetes
  5. Takeaway
Doctors for Type 2 Diabetes Early Symptoms

People with type 2 diabetes have insulin resistance. This prevents the body from using insulin the way it should. In such a situation, insulin is not able to help in converting the glucose present in the body into energy. Because of this, the level of blood sugar in a person increases. People in middle age or older are most likely to develop type 2 diabetes. In some cases, type 2 diabetes can also affect children and teens. The main reason for this is obesity in childhood.

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Symptoms of type 2 diabetes usually develop slowly. Many people do not feel the symptoms of type 2 diabetes for years. On the other hand, if noticed, some early symptoms of type 2 diabetes can be seen -

Blurred vision

Blurred vision can also be an early symptom of type 2 diabetes. Increasing blood sugar can damage the small blood vessels of the eyes, which can cause blurred vision. Blurred vision can occur in one or both eyes.

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Itching and yeast infection

Excess sugar in the blood and urine can lead to a build-up of yeast, which can lead to infection. Yeast infection occurs in warm and moist areas of the skin, such as the mouth, genitals, or armpits. In the case of yeast infection, there may be itching and redness in the affected area.

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Dark spots on the skin

If there are dark spots around the neck or armpits, do not ignore this symptom at all. This can be an early symptom of type 2 diabetes.

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Numbness or tingling in extremities

High levels of blood sugar can affect blood circulation. This can damage the nerves. In this condition, numbness and tingling can be felt in the hands and feet.

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Delayed wound healing

Slow healing of wounds is an early symptom of type 2 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the level of sugar in the blood increases, due to which the nerves and blood vessels get damaged and the blood circulation also starts deteriorating. Because of this, it may take weeks or months to heal any wound.

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Feeling tired

Type 2 diabetes can affect a person's energy levels. In such a situation, the patient may feel more tired. This fatigue is caused by insufficient flow of sugar from the bloodstream into the cells.

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Excessive hunger can also be an early symptom of type 2 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, people do not get enough energy from food. In type 2 diabetes, when enough glucose does not move from the bloodstream to the body's cells, people may feel more hungry.

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Excessive thirst

Frequent thirst can also be an early symptom of type 2 diabetes. The urine comes again and again in diabetes. In such a situation, there is a lack of water in the body, due to which one may feel more thirsty than normal.

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Frequent urination

When the blood sugar level is high, the kidneys try to filter out the extra sugar from the blood. In such a situation, the person may urinate frequently. Especially at night time.

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If the early symptoms of type 2 diabetes are recognized in time, then it can help treat it. In such a situation, health and quality of life can be improved by making some lifestyle changes and controlling blood sugar levels. Also, the risk of future complications can be reduced. If left untreated even after these symptoms are detected, high blood sugar levels can lead to serious and sometimes life-threatening complications, which are as follows -

Untreated type 2 diabetes can also lead to hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (HHNS), which causes a severe and persistent increase in blood sugar levels. At this stage, any other disease or infection can trigger the problem of HHNS, due to which the patient may need to be admitted to the hospital.

This problem is seen more in the elderly. Hence, it is important to keep blood sugar levels under control. The more uncontrolled the blood sugar level, the greater the risk of other health problems.

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To control type 2 diabetes initially, it is necessary to follow the right lifestyle, which is as follows -

Blood sugar test

Diabetes patients need to take care of their blood sugar. To know about blood sugar, one should keep checking blood sugar daily.

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Regular exercise

Type 2 diabetes can be controlled by exercising daily. Even if someone has diabetes, 30 to 60 minutes of exercise must be done daily. For this, you can do cycling and swimming, etc. Along with this, diabetes patients must walk after eating food. Morning walks can be beneficial for diabetes.

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Healthy diet

Although there is no special diet for type 2 diabetes, fiber, and protein are beneficial for diabetes patients. Also, carbs and sugar should be avoided. For this, do not consume sweets, ice cream, chocolate, etc. at all. Include more vegetables and pulses in the diet. Avoid eating potatoes and rice.

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Reduce weight

Obesity is the main cause of diabetes. In such a situation, it is considered necessary to reduce weight to keep type 2 diabetes under control. Losing 5-7 percent of your body weight can be beneficial if you have diabetes. Blood sugar levels can be reduced by reducing weight.

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Type 2 diabetes is the most common type. Nowadays most people are facing a serious diseases like type 2 diabetes. Some early symptoms can be seen in having type 2 diabetes. In such a situation, these symptoms should not be ignored at all. It is necessary to change the lifestyle when the symptoms of diabetes are felt. If even then the level of blood sugar is increasing continuously, then medicines should be taken on the advice of the doctor.

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Dr. Narayanan N K

Dr. Narayanan N K

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