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What is dry cough?

A non-productive, irritating type of cough where no phlegm or mucus is produced is termed as a dry cough. It is generally associated with a tickling sensation in the throat.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Signs and symptoms associated with dry cough include:

What are the main causes?

A dry cough is mainly caused by:

  • Viral illness (cold, flu [influenza] or post-viral or post-infective cough [in which cough is present for weeks following viral illness])
  • Asthma
  • Whooping cough
  • Inflammation of the larynx (laryngitis) or certain types of lung diseases (interstitial lung disease)
  • Smoking
  • Allergic rhinitis (hay fever, due to inhalation of allergens such as pet dander, pollen or dust) or inhaled foreign body, which is more common in babies and children
  • Medicinal side effects (angiotensin-converting-enzyme [ACE] inhibitors for high blood pressure)
  • Gastro-oesophageal reflux or post-nasal drip (the drainage of mucus secretions from the nose or sinuses down the back of the throat)
  • Snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea

Less common causes of a dry cough include:

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Initially, your physician will take a detailed history of a cough and any other symptoms, following which a physical examination will be performed. Depending on the history, individual’s age and findings on examination, the physician will advise tests which include:

  • Allergy tests
  • Chest X-ray
  • Throat swab (A sample is collected from the back of your throat, and the specimen is tested for infections)
  • Pulmonary function tests

Treatment of a dry cough depends on its causative factor (eg, cough caused by viral infection is self-limiting and resolves on its own within a week or two). The various measures to relieve a dry cough include:

Self-care

  • Honey coats and soothes the throat and helps to relieve the irritation that triggers a dry cough
  • Drinking plenty of liquids (warm broths, tea, etc.)
  • Gargling with salt water helps a cold and sore throat with dry cough
  • Stopping certain medicines (ACE inhibitors, beta blockers) which trigger dry cough and taking alternative drugs after consulting your physician
  • Taking sips of water reduces the urge to cough
  • Cough suppressants (available as lozenges [containing an antibacterial] or liquid or linctus [cough mixture]) which suppress the urge to cough include:
    • Pholcodine
    • Dextromethorphan
    • Codeine
    • Dihydrocodeine
    • Pentoxyverine
  • Cold and flu combination medicines usually contain the following:
    • An antihistamine
    • A decongestant (to relieve a blocked or stuffy nose)
    • Paracetamol
  • Nasal sprays and inhalers for dry cough due to allergic rhinitis or post-nasal drip include:
    • Saline or corticosteroid nasal spray
    • Corticosteroid inhaler (medicine is breathed in through the mouth)
  • Reflux treatment, which is given to individuals with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, includes:
    • Treatment with medications that block the acid secretion (such as proton pump inhibitors)
    • Self-care measures include avoiding eating just before bedtime and raising the head of your bed
  1. Medicines for Dry Cough
  2. Doctors for Dry Cough
Dr. Yogesh Parmar

Dr. Yogesh Parmar

कान, नाक और गले सम्बन्धी विकारों का विज्ञान

Dr. Vijay Pawar

Dr. Vijay Pawar

कान, नाक और गले सम्बन्धी विकारों का विज्ञान

Dr. Ankita Singh

Dr. Ankita Singh

कान, नाक और गले सम्बन्धी विकारों का विज्ञान

Medicines for Dry Cough

Medicines listed below are available for Dry Cough. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
SolvinSolvin 30 Mg/4 Mg Tablet42.0
Benadryl DrBenadryl Dr Kids Syrup76.73
BenadrylBenadryl Dry Cough Relief 15 Mg/5 Ml Syrup78.0
Brodil DBrodil D Syrup 30 Mg56.79
Codorex DmCodorex Dm Syrup20.0
DmrDmr 10 Mg Tablet26.0
PilodexPilodex Syrup55.0
TusstatTusstat 15 Mg Syrup60.0
Aa HaAa Ha Syrup46.66
LeekufLeekuf Syrup23.37
Leekuf JuniorLeekuf Junior Syrup45.0
AlernylAlernyl 5 Mg/10 Mg Syrup0.0
Altime Cf JuniorAltime Cf Junior 5 Mg/10 Mg Syrup59.0
Cetmet TcfCetmet Tcf 5 Mg/10 Mg Syrup0.0
RekofRekof 5 Mg/10 Mg Syrup45.9
Alocet DAlocet D 5 Mg/10 Mg/5 Mg Syrup71.0
Childryl ZChildryl Z Syrup57.05
Alkof AAlkof A Syrup31.25
Alkof LiquidAlkof Liquid22.2
Decoril DxDecoril Dx Syrup 100 Ml60.0
Altime CfAltime Cf Syrup0.0
Arid DArid D Syrup0.0
Cetmet AccCetmet Acc Tablet0.0
Biterles PlusBiterles Plus Syrup55.0
Retherma CdRetherma Cd Syrup38.41
Ambrolite DAmbrolite D 30 Mg/10 Mg/5 Mg Syrup0.0
D CofD Cof Syrup0.0
GalirexGalirex Syrup Syrup 5 Mg/10 Mg/5 Mg0.0
TurboTurbo 30 Mg/10 Mg/5 Mg Syrup0.0
Cz TusCz Tus Syrup65.0
DrykofDrykof 15 Mg/5 Mg/2.5 Mg Syrup56.57
Kaff DmKaff Dm Syrup51.23
Megavent DMegavent D Syrup59.52
Xpect AXpect A Syrup64.0
Ambrosol DAmbrosol D 10 Mg/5 Mg Syrup66.0
Lemolinctus PdLemolinctus Pd 2.5 Mg/5 Mg Syrup39.88
Ascoril DAscoril D 5 Mg/10 Mg/1.25 Mg Syrup0.0
CoritussCorituss Syrup0.0
DeletusDeletus 10 Mg/5 Mg/1.25 Mg Tablet0.0
Kofnok DKofnok D Syrup49.52
New Deletus DNew Deletus D Syrup69.2
RatifedRatifed Syrup91.36
Ascoril Plus DAscoril Plus D Syrup94.0
Refid DRefid D Syrup60.0
Cofwin PzCofwin Pz Syrup0.0
Wifi DWifi D Syrup59.95
Cofstop ZCofstop Z Syrup65.8
Coldarin Cough &Amp; ColdColdarin Cough &Amp; Cold 500 Mg/30 Mg/15 Mg Tablet19.17
NukofNukof 500 Mg/60 Mg/15 Mg Tablet60.0
PediaPedia Syrup37.5
KaffKaff Dry Syrup37.8
Kaff PedKaff Ped Syrup34.8
SreyasSreyas Syrup29.03
Denituss DDenituss D Syrup38.05
Oripect CcOripect Cc Syrup32.15
Megatuss DMegatuss D Syrup20.37
DolarDolar 7.5 Mg/4 Mg Syrup46.66
TussalyteTussalyte 4 Mg/5 Mg Syrup62.0
Dolar ADolar A Syrup42.47
Alvex PAlvex P Syrup56.0
Cofdex PCofdex P Expectorant43.0
KofnokKofnok Syrup52.93
Tridex BTridex B Syrup45.0
Tuxiril XTuxiril X Syrup62.0
Elzin DxElzin Dx 2.5 Mg/10 Mg/1 Mg Syrup66.66
Indikof AIndikof A Syrup63.5
ExotusExotus 15 Mg/2.5 Mg/10 Mg/50 Mg/5 Mg Syrup73.13
Tussin DmrTussin Dmr Syrup75.0
Rekof CcRekof Cc Tablet0.0
Tixy SoftTixy Soft 10 Mg/100 Mg Capsule0.0
Xl 90Xl 90 10 Mg/100 Mg Syrup0.0
Dextopen SyrupDextopen Syrup41.47
Tussmax SyrupTussmax Syrup45.32
Chupp DChupp D Capsule13.12
BrexBrex Expectorant120.0
Zirlon PlusZirlon Plus Syrup42.6
FlucocideFlucocide Syrup38.0
Kuftive JuniorKuftive Junior Syrup60.0
ADEL Acalypha Indica DilutionAcalypha Indica Dilution 1 M155.0
Dr. Reckeweg Acalypha Indica DilutionAcalypha Indica Dilution 1 M155.0

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